Figure Vipera ursinii moldavica and Vipera ursinii rakosiensis. Discussion We here present the first comprehensive distribution database of the reptile species occurring in Romania. We fulfilled the major requirements of data quality by 1 filtering the large amount of data for doubtful and erroneous records, 2 aggregating the known localities to a fine resolution of 25 km2, and 3 assessing the bias in sampling effort and thus providing useful information for further analyses.
What does helminth mean addressed a series what does helminth mean issues related to the quality and relevance of occurrence records. The most conspicuous issue was the overall biased density of records, which might appear paraziti kod djece simptomi to differences in species detectability. For instance, our database showed that the snake species with low detectability Hartel et al.
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Notable exceptions are the grass snake and the dice snake genus Natrixboth of them what does helminth mean active during the day and easy to identify. The what does helminth mean detectability of most lizards and both tortoise species resulted in a large number of occurrences and thus, more detailed distribution maps. Another issue of concern was misidentification e.
For example, it is rather difficult to distinguish among what does helminth mean lizards, especially between Lacerta viridis and L.
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Although individuals of Testudo hermanni were reported what does helminth mean south-east Romania IftimeSos et al. The presence report of T. The analysis of sampling effort revealed a significantly higher number of sightings per grid cell within certain areas, mostly protected areas, such as the Jiului Gorges National Park, the Iron Gates Natural Park or the Macin Mountains National Park. That was a common pattern previously reported from other countries and for different taxa e.
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Despite those hotspots, the sampling effort was condyloma acuminata labor across the country; therefore the dataset might be useful for additional analyses with only a simple trimming procedure required Peterson et al. In the case what does helminth mean amphibians Cogalniceanu et al. Nevertheless, the patterns in species richness support a similar statement revealing a higher richness in the warmer and drier climate in the south-west and the south-east parts of Romania e.
Two gaps that require further investigations were revealed in the southern part of Romania Oltenia and Baragan plainsprobably being determined by the lack of research interest in those regions, due to their dominant agricultural landscape Rey et al. The gaps in reptile richness were similar to those of amphibian richness Cogalniceanu et al.
The number of reptile species observed in Romania might increase in the near future with two species, namely Pseudopus apodus Lep§iCogalniceanu et al. Several species were widespread across the country e.
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Lacerta viridis had the largest number of sightings mainly because it is a highly detectable species. Its AOO was surpassed only by L. Eryx jaculus is the rarest reptile in the country see Table 1 with a single new report afterbased on a road-kill specimen Covaciu-Marcov et what does helminth mean. The different biogeographic regions overlapping in Romania will face different types and levels of these changes Popescu et al.
Climate change may cause a shift in reptile ranges, although the Carpathian Mountains and the Steppic and Black Sea what does helminth mean of Dobrogea will act as a refuge, being considered critical areas for conservation Araujo et al. To alleviate these threats by conservation activities e.
Our dataset provides a robust starting point for such analyses. Climate change alone does not result in a rapid range shift; instead, additionally, habitat loss due to the abandonment of traditional agricultural activities such as manual mowing, low-intensity grazing, small-size orchards and vineyards Plieninger et al.
Thus, our database also allows for further investigations resulting in concrete conservation activities. We thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on this paper. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, Journal of Biogeography Biological Conservation Biodiversity what does helminth mean Conservation Editura Ex Ponto, Constanta, ZooKeys North-Western Journal of Zoology 2: Acta Herpetologica 7: 41— Biological Conservation — Nature Conservation 1: A Guide for Ecologists.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. What does helminth mean J Mapping species distributions: spatial inference and prediction.
University Press Cambridge, Cambridge, pp. Fauna RPR, 14 2. Paris, pp. Geographical analysis Nymphaea Folia naturae Bihariae BioScience Global Ecology and Biogeography Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Acta Scientiarum Transylvanica Nature Herpetozoa Herpetological Bulletin Krecsak L, Zamfirescu § Vipera Acridophaga ursinii in Romania: historical and present distribution.
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North-Western Journal of Zoology 4: Ceres, Bucureçti, pp. Lepçi I Ophisaurus apus Pall.
Sfera do Caos, Lisboa, pp. Ord JK, Getis A Local spatial autocorrelation statistics: distributional issues and an application.
Princeton University Press, pp. Ecological modelling Journal of Animal Ecology Setting conservation priorities for Romanian reptiles and amphibians at risk from climate change. Musée national d'histoire naturelle, Luxembourg, 92 pp.
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И если кому-то очень уж приспичило, он, без сомнения, мог найти способ подсоединиться к соответствующим каналам информации.
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Действительно, она не хранилась в схемах вечности собственных мониторов города, но чтобы защитить ее от износа и разрушений, где-нибудь в другом месте должны были находиться подобные же Тут он впервые заметил индикаторный щит, составлявший часть передней стенки.
Reclus, Montpelier and Paris, France, pp. Acta Oecologica 65— Acta Herpetologica 7: Rozylowicz L Metode de analiza a distributiei areal-geografice a testoasei lui Hermann Testudo hermanni Gmelin, in Romania. Studiu de caz: Parcul Natural Portile de Fier.
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Editura Universitatii din Bucurefti, Bucurefti, pp. NorthWestern Journal of Zoology 6: European Journal of Wildlife Research Island Press, Washington D. Sos T In obiectiv: Testoasa de apa europeana, Emys orbicularis. Asociatia Ecouri Verzi, Cluj Napoca, pp.
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Zootaxa Mertensiella Testudinae in Transilvania. In: Sesiunea §tiintifica Sectiunea Biologie.
Analele §tiintifice ale Institutului Delta Dunarii Amphibia-Reptilia The Open Database License ODbL is a license agreement intended to allow users to freely share, modify, and use this Dataset while maintaining this same freedom for others, provided that the original source and author s are credited. ZooKeys 49—