Case report: We report the case of a years-old female patient with personal history of cervical fistulizing tuberculous gumma diagnosed with right lateral cervical mass and Hashimoto nodular thyroiditis. The patient underwent to surgical treatment which consisted in total thyroidectomy and modified neck dissection with resection of internal right jugular vein adherent to the lymph node mass.
Results: The final pathology report demonstrated a pT3mN0LV1Pn0 right lobe papillary thyroid carcinoma on Hashimoto thyroiditis while lymph nodes presented giant epithelioid granulomas with giant multinuclear Langhans cells and central necrosis consistent with the diagnosis of tuberculous adenitis.
Papillary carcinoma thyroid postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was referred to both TB and endocrinology specialist.
Conclusions: Cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis can mimic metastatic papillary carcinoma thyroid in papillary thyroid carcinoma and frequently the definitive diagnosis is achieved by excisional biopsy and histopathological examination.
Springer International, Management strategy of mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis. J Laryngol Otol ; A review of 23 patients with tuberculosis of the head and neck. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; Case of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland with concurrent tuberculous lymphadenitis.
Nihon Papillary carcinoma thyroid Gakkai Kaiho ; A case of follicular carcinoma of thyroid gland with concurrent tuberculous lymphadenitises.