Gastric cancer regional lymph nodes, Traducere "nodulilor limfatici" în engleză


Traducere "nodulilor limfatici" în engleză

Brătianu Ave. Copyright ©Carol Davila University Press This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Gastric cancer regional lymph nodes Most head and neck cancer patients are first referred to an E. Oncological surgical interventions need to ensure gastric cancer regional lymph nodes resection margins; this means that whatever anatomic structures are involved in the tumor spread, need to be resected.

Case reports – common and external carotid artery resection in head and neck cancer patients

The carotid artery is a vascular vessel system that provides blood supply for the head and neck region, the most important structure being the brain and its organs. The ligation or the resection of the common carotid artery leads to an abrupt decrease of blood flow gastric cancer regional gastric cancer regional lymph nodes nodes the brain, which can cause single sided paralysis, decreased cognitive functions, shock and even death.

Common or internal carotid arteries ligatures or resections can be performed in patients with malignant tumors of the head and neck.

This is a synopsis of 2 successful cases of patients who underwent common and external carotid artery resection. Keywords: malignancy, chronic brain ischemia, oncological margin, neck dissection Introduction Head and neck cancer is one of the most important public health concerns worldwide because of the ever increasing number of tobacco and alcohol consumption, two of the major risk factors for this pathology.

Case reports – common and external carotid artery resection in head and neck cancer patients

This is the perfect example for a multidisciplinary patient approach in modern medicine in which case specialists of different areas of expertise need to collaborate. Most head and neck cancer patients are first referred to an E. The complex therapy of the gastric cancer regional lymph nodes href="http://adanilov.ru/analitika-foreks/6517-foreks-brokeri-komissionnie.php">форекс брокеры комиссионные and neck cancer involves the presence of a vascular surgeon or an E.

The vascular system of the head and neck is of outmost importance due to the implications on the local anatomy and on the cerebral functions. The lateral region of the neck, starting from the clavicle and ending at the base of the skull is the site of a possible malignant tumor, which may involve the carotid system.

  • Его внезапный, иррациональный страх постепенно уступил место более глубокой и основательной тревоге.

  • nodulilor limfatici - Traducere în engleză - exemple în română | Reverso Context
  • Я нашел его в Лисе, той стране, где я побывал.

The tumor spread explained by the lymphatic and vascular spread in most cases finds its local development towards the large vessels of the head and neck.

This metastasis process is to alter whatever anatomical elements of the neck may be in the pathway of the tumor.

Возможно, это была не реальная сцена из прошлого, а чисто придуманный эпизод. Тщательно выверенное расположение фигур, их слегка церемонные жесты делали ее чуть-чуть слишком изящной для обычной действительности. Он рассматривал лица в толпе, разыскивая кого-нибудь знакомого.

Lymph node metastasis is considered a loco-regional metastasis of the tumor process. They are in direct relation to the large vessels of the neck, the internal jugular vein the carotid system, and also to the nerves of the neck, most important to the vagus nerve, hypoglossal nerve and the cervical sympathetic trunk.

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Oncological surgical interventions need to ensure clear resection margins; this means that whatever anatomic structures are involved in the tumor spread need to be resected. The other organs, vessels, nerves of the head and neck that are involved in the tumor process also need to be resected in order to ensure the surgical oncological effort.

Blog aimed at residents in surgery URL :  www. Romeo Giuli MD, resident.

Background The carotid artery is a vascular vessel system that provides blood supply for the head and neck region, gastric cancer regional lymph nodes most important structure being the brain and its organs. This procedure can be performed because of the presence of the collateral arterial vessels that can supply blood to the brain and organs through the arterial circle of Willis [ 2 ]. This arterial anastomosis is the basis for performing such carotid resection or ligation.

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When the gastric cancer regional lymph nodes process is slowly developing and affecting one or more carotid arteries common, internal or external carotid arteries there is an increased possibility of developing higher blood flow through the contralateral carotid system and through the vertebral gastric cancer regional lymph nodes. This means that the tumor process acts like a trigger for the development of the collateral blood flow supply.

When ligating the common carotid artery on one side of the neck there is the possibility that the patient will recover the gastric cancer regional lymph nodes brain and organ functions due to a retrograde blood flow through the external carotid artery and into the internal carotid artery, this being possible due to the Willis arterial circle. Still, there is a possibility that the patient will develop chronic brain ischemia or even die which makes this a high-risk procedure.

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In the 19th century, JA Wyeth performed some common artery ligations, of which resulted in the death of the patient. He realized that the supraomohyoid region of the common carotid artery is the best site to perform the surgical procedure.

The structure of the carotid systems includes the existence of baroreceptors, chemoreceptors and nerve plexus in the bifurcation region of the common carotid artery [ 3 ]. These essential anatomy data are the reason for light manipulation of the carotid system during surgical procedures at this site; otherwise, there is the possibility of reflex bradycardia, drop in the arterial blood pressure, syncope, cardiac arrest or even death.

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Several studies made on young rat models have indicated that regions in the brain suffer from acute blood flow hypoperfusion following the ligation or resection of the carotid system common or gastric cancer regional lymph nodes carotid arterybut it is likely to have a quick self-recovery, within 3 weeks time. The results of the studies suggest that the blood vessels in young rat models have plasticity to gastric cancer regional lymph nodes insult [ 4 ].

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When analyzing our patients we found that all 5 had a full recovery, motor and cognitive functions, within a month after the surgery. There are other studies on rats that revealed the significant impairment in the eight-arm radial maze task in rats, following internal carotid artery ligation, only than in gastric cancer regional lymph nodes carotid artery-ligated rats.

Они либо распылялись на свои составляющие, либо в конце концов находили себе приют в домах друзей художника. На всем своем пути Олвину встретилось лишь одно objet d'аrt, которое ему более или менее пришлось по душе.

Это была композиция из чистого света, отдаленно похожая на распускающийся цветок, Медленно вырастая из крохотной цветной сердцевинки, рисунок разворачивался в систему сломаных спиралей и занавесов, затем внезапно опадал, и весь цикл начинался сызнова.

Но уже не совсем так, gastric cancer regional lymph nodes в предыдущий раз, и новый рисунок не совпадал полностью с тем, который был. Олвин наблюдал за картиной на протяжении нескольких пульсаций, и каждый раз возникали едва заметные, почти неощутимые отличия, хотя в целом основа композиции и оставалась неизменной.