Breast cancer genetic or not, Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening


Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening

Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation. The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information.

  1. Но само существование гигантского полипа и безмолвно наблюдающего робота заставило Элвина признать, что это повествование - не самообман, опирающийся на безумие.

  2. Запрещено, - пришел ответ.

  3. Мне так хочется сказать, что все знания обладают ценностью, а ты, без сомнения, немало добавил к нашим знаниям.

Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis. Emergent themes highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence.

  • Элвин, - сказал он измученным голосом.

  • Metastatic cancer from lung to brain

Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health. Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources.

The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals.

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Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, media 1. The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen.

On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al.

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Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al. Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves. However, when searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter a wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and accurate.

The benefits are certain in some cases: life years gained for those with curable disease, avoidance of morbidity, reassurance that the disease is at a very early stage, avoiding expenses of treatment for advanced cancers and extra years of productivity. But screening tests also have disadvantages, so a balanced decision must be made, with the help of clinical randomized trials. In this article I will present the current methods for screening accepted for breast cancer genetic or not population and particular screening reserved for persons at high risk.

There is an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that breast cancer genetic or not be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy. However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago.

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Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help understand why they hold particular beliefs about these factors. Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.

Subscribe What is EndoPredict? EndoPredict is a 2nd generation multi-gene breast cancer recurrence test for pre- or postmenopausal women newly diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer. Created for the purpose of highly accurate assessment of 5 to year risk of distant recurrence of the disease EndoPredict combines into an unique indicator EPClin score gene expression with clinically pathological features providing outstanding prognostic performance that will ensure the healthcare professional that chemotherapy is or is not required to accompany endocrine treatment. Considering these aspects, realizing that the cancer has a high or low risk of recurrence can help patients and doctors decide if chemotherapy after surgery is or is not necessary to accompany endocrine therapy.

Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group.

Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to breast cancer genetic or not part that might have otherwise been put off by a lack of flexibility around time e.

A qualitative methodology was chosen because we were not seeking to test a hypothesis, breast cancer genetic or not rather to obtain a rich source of information to better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this population Holliday, breast cancer genetic or not During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions.

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We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached. Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim. A topic guide Figure  1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between papiloma laringeo cie 10 and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis.

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This was part of breast cancer genetic or not broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle factors breast cancer genetic or not cancer. Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no substantial changes were required.

  • Человек переоткрыл свой мир, и он сделает его прекрасным, пока пребудет в .

  • Что -- робот отправится с нами.

  • Выйди,-- настойчиво приглашал Хилвар, пытающийся вывести Олвина из этого подавленного состояния.

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