Bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity.


bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity

Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors. This is an open access article under hpv lazer tedavisi terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

It provides comprehensive guidance for treating and understanding bladder cancer and serves as an up-to-date reference reflecting evidence-based research.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation.

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  • Хотя Джизирак и пытался спрашивать что-то у Олвина, когда они возвращались в Зал Совета, узнать что-нибудь о беседе с Центральным Компьютером ему не удалось.

The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information. Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis.

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  • Обернувшись, он увидел собственный след - темную полосу среди искрящейся земли.

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Emergent themes highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence. Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health.

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  5. Опередив его, тот сам обратился к - Ты, я полагаю, Элвин.

  6. Потом, едва веря своим глазам, он увидел, как над пустыней медленно встает облако пыли.

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Participants bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity that they had not bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources. The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals. Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, media 1.

The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen.

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On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al. Many bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al.

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Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves. However, bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter a wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and accurate.

There is an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy. However, these studies did not explore survivors' use bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago.

Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity why they hold particular beliefs about these factors. Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.

Почему-то ему представлялось правильным и естественным, что лицом к лицу с ним должен был оказаться именно тот, кто воздвиг Диаспар. - Я полагаю, ты узнаешь меня, - сказал Ярлан Зей.

Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group.

Bladder Cancer

Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to take part bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity might have otherwise been put off by a lack of flexibility around time e.

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A qualitative methodology was chosen because bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity were not seeking to test a hypothesis, but rather to obtain a rich source of information to better bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this population Holliday, During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions. We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached.

Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim.

Key Features

A topic guide Figure  1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis.

This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity other lifestyle factors and cancer. Interviewers were trained to have bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no substantial changes were required.

Я-то так думаю. Но тебя я уже знаю достаточно, чтобы понять, что альтруизм для тебя - не главное. У тебя должны быть другие побуждения. Элвин мрачно усмехнулся.